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WASHINGTON — As U.S. officials prepare to resume negotiations for a textile and apparel import agreement with China, European Union representatives returned to the bargaining table with their Chinese counterparts in hopes of fixing the deal they cut in June.
Talks between the EU and China began in Beijing on Thursday and are to continue today. People familiar with the U.S. negotiations said the next round will be in Beijing on Tuesday and Wednesday, although the office of U.S. Trade Representative Rob Portman did not confirm the timetable.
The EU-Sino deal restricted imports on 10 categories of goods to annual increases of 8 to 12.5 percent through 2007, but the quotas filled quickly and stranded at the borders some orders that had been placed before the agreement.
EU negotiators are under intense pressure from businesses to adjust the agreement, though it is unclear what fix would work. Possibilities include borrowing against next year's quota to bring in fall and holiday goods or exempting orders placed before the deal was reached.
Reopening discussions between the EU and China has created a situation similar to the uncertainty that made a broad agreement attractive in the first place. Just as a U.S. agreement would, the EU-China pact replaced the system of safeguard quotas, which China agreed to when it joined the World Trade Organization in 2001. Limiting growth to 7.5 percent, safeguards can be renewed through 2008 and added to as deemed necessary, making it hard to put together long-term sourcing plans.
Chinese apparel and textile imports to the U.S. shot up 46.6 percent in the first half of the year to 7.9 billion square meter equivalents worth $10.8 billion. So far, the U.S. has imposed safeguards on imports worth $1.31 billion.
By all accounts, negotiators from the U.S. and China still had significant ground to cover after a round of negotiations in San Francisco last week.
"They're very far apart," said Brenda Jacobs, counsel for the U.S. Association of Importers of Textiles & Apparel.
Much of the friction has been created by the January expiration of the system of quotas that regulated trade for more than 30 years.
"[A deal] has to be set up as a transitional program that ensures we do not create another cliff off of which all of us will fall," Jacobs said.