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A new exhibition at the Dulwich Picture Gallery here, "The Age of Enchantment, Beardsley, Dulac and their Contemporaries, 1890-1930," explores the sweet and sinister works of Prada's predecessors, a group of Edwardian artists who took the fantasy world as their muse.
The show, which opened Wednesday and runs through Feb. 17, charts the vogue among such illustrators as Edmund Dulac and Harry Clarke for depicting ornate visions of fairies, monsters and literary characters. These artists' works were fueled by the Edwardians' appetite for limited edition children's books, which demanded illustrated plates and engraved covers. And according to the exhibition's curator Rodney Engen, they were often inspired by the heavily detailed pen and ink illustrations of Aubrey Beardsley, who died of tuberculosis in 1898 at the age of 25. "[Beardsley] was a cult figure of his day, and art students on the Continent decided it was [him] they should follow, and flocked to England," said Engen.
However, many of the commercial works in the show were commissioned following the traumas of the first World War, and often portrayed a more idyllic view of other worlds than Beardsley's decadent, fin de siècle illustrations. In this vein, the exhibition spotlights "The Sea Voices" by Scottish artist Jessie Marion King, an image of children playing on a seashore under the watch of ethereal fairies, who morph into the rocks and the foam on the sea. There are also pastel-toned watercolors by Danish artist Kay Nielsen, whose "Dancing Princesses," wearing tiered crinolines, scurry through a forest of spindly trees topped with cotton-candy foliage. Indeed, Nielsen's sugar-coated aesthetic lead him to be later tapped to work as an artist on Disney's "Fantasia."
The show contrasts these images with Beardsley's unsettling illustrations, which Engen said can leave the viewer "with a bad taste in their mouth." They include Beardsley's elaborate illustration of a menacing Salomé; "The Peacock Skirt," created to accompany Oscar Wilde's play "Salomé," and another of Salomé kissing John the Baptist's severed head.