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The House passed a $515.7 billion spending bill, which would fund all of the federal government's agencies except for the Defense Department, late Monday night. The bill, a compromise package that combined several separate spending measures, also includes $31 billion for the war in Afghanistan but no money for the war in Iraq.
The Senate is discussing the spending bill and is expected to vote this week. A contentious debate over funding for Iraq is expected as senators try to increase the war funding in the bill to $70 billion. Bush said Monday he was "pleased" that the spending bill appeared to be making progress, but his support hinges on Iraq war funding.
If those efforts fail, the spending bill could stall for the year. Should the Senate succeed in including funds for Iraq, the House would have to approve the revised legislation before sending it to the President to sign.
The Commerce Department, which enforces trade remedy laws in antidumping and countervailing duty cases — including a monitoring program for apparel imports from Vietnam — was set to receive $6.85 billion in proposed 2008 funding in the spending bill, shaving almost $500 million from the proposed budget. The funding in the new bill essentially maintains 2007 funding levels for Commerce, which was $6.625 billion.
"To the extent the new bill cuts back on increases in enforcement, which are desperately needed, that's a real concern," said Cass Johnson, president of the National Council of Textile Organizations. "There clearly needs to be a boost in resources in the government...devoted to monitoring and filing cases against China and others who break WTO rules."
The lead agency on that front is the USTR office, but it lost $4 million in proposed funding for fiscal year 2008. The agency, which negotiates free trade agreements and files unfair trade cases against foreign countries, was set to receive $48 million in the Democrats' initial funding bill, but the latest round of cuts lowered the level to $44.1 million, basically matching 2007 allotments.