But despite this economic turmoil, Black said softline stocks can outperform over the year as the second half of 2008 becomes more stable.
"Overall, there is a weaker spending environment, but this doesn't mean we don't have retailers who are doing well," Black said. His top picks include Urban Outfitters Inc., Gap Inc. and AnnTaylor Stores Corp.
"Urban Outfitters remains one of our top picks for 2008. It's on a short list of retailers posting positive comp sales and growing operating margin. We think Anthropologie can carry its momentum into 2008, while the Urban division continues to recover," he wrote in a research note.
Meanwhile, Gap and Ann Taylor are seen as turnarounds. Gap has gained some control over inventory management, which should allow for improved merchandise margins, while Ann Taylor's 2008 earnings estimates are believed to be achievable, with margin comparisons easy during the first half of the year.
On the vendor side, McShane is betting on Dick's Sporting Goods Inc., Nike Inc., Polo Ralph Lauren Corp. and VF Corp. to outpace peers. "We would put money on VF Corp. based on its limited exposure to department stores, and Ralph Lauren based on its brand strength, international exposure and luxury business," she wrote. "Nike is one of the most defensive names in our space and in a stronger position today due to a larger international component and robust balance sheet. Nike is taking dollar share and floor space in a weak U.S. footwear market."
Black said Chico's FAS Inc. and Coldwater Creek Inc. will remain challenged, as these retailers attempt to gain control over inventories. McShane said a lot is riding on spring assortments.
"Spring sell-throughs will provide a key indicator for the remainder of 2008, in our view, setting the tone and momentum for fall and holiday," McShane wrote. "If retailers are able to bring new silhouettes and color palettes, combined with the right merchandising and floor presentation to entice shoppers, we would expect a strong transition through fall 2008. However, if spring 2008 is weaker, we anticipate a difficult retail environment to continue until holiday."