Société Générale's chief U.S. economist, Stephen Gallagher, said, "The recent breakdown can be tied to many factors: housing, fuel costs and jobs."
Gallagher said his firm has been watching for a lift in spending from the federal government's tax rebates, but so far the "positive influence of the tax rebates is being curtailed by soaring gasoline prices."
He concluded that, while retailers aren't reporting any uptick in sales, there's been no major drop-off as a result of the rise in gas prices, either.
In the current monthly survey, the results show that the Present Situation Index fell to 74.4 from 81.9, while the Expectations Index dropped to 45.7 from 50 last month.
"At 45.7, the key Expectations Index looks more than low enough to be consistent with contraction in real consumption. The low during the 2001 recession was 70.7. The low during the 1990 to '91 recession was 55.3," observed Maury Harris, economist at UBS.
According to Gallagher, the Present Situation component appears to be closely tied to job growth, while the Expectations Index, which he said makes up 60 percent of the overall index, seems dogged by gasoline prices.
"Weakening business and job conditions, coupled with growing pessimism about the short-term future, have further depleted consumers' confidence in the overall state of the economy," said Lynn Franco, director of The Conference Board Consumer Research Center. "Consumers' inflation expectations, fueled by increasing prices at the pump, are now at an all-time high and are likely to rise further in the months ahead."
Looking ahead, Franco said consumers' responses to the Expectations Index component suggests "little likelihood of a turnaround in the immediate months ahead."
Consumers who responded to the May survey were definitely more pessimistic this month than they were in April.
Those who said business conditions were "bad" rose to 30.6 percent from 26.5 percent last month. Those who believed business conditions were "good" also fell, this time to 13.1 percent from 15.4 percent.